Based on literature review and meetings with community residents, acute health effects from ambient particulates on airway, mucosa, and skin of residents, especially neonates and infants, are strongly suspected. Previous studies on environmental impacts of phosphate mining also indicate a potential contamination with radionuclide including radon and radon progeny and effects on cancer developments including lung cancer, leukemia. In addition to these, cadmium contamination of air, water, and biota should also be included as a potential threat to Aiwo community and nearby districts.
In Nauru, the life expectancy at birth is 60 years as of 2007~2011. Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of deaths, and especially deaths from cardiovascular diseases and diabetes occupy a significant portion of excess mortality when compared to nearby countries. Diabetic complications including nephropathy and neuropathy are also relatively higher than other countries.
Data and Resources
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